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  • Dr. Ashutosh Patil

Timolol Eye Drops For Glaucoma

To reduce increasing pressure within your eye, apply timolol eye drops (glaucoma).

Don't forget to apply the drops consistently; don't skip any doses.

Please inform your doctor if you typically wear soft contacts if you do.

About timolol eye drops

The optic nerve in the rear of the eye is harmed by persistent open-angle glaucoma. Usually, it results from an increase in ocular pressure. The way timolol eye drops work is by reducing intraocular pressure. It is believed that they accomplish this by lowering the volume of fluid that you produce and that fills the area in front of your eye (called aqueous humour). It lowers the pressure inside your eye by lowering the quantity of fluid generated.

Timolol can be taken alone or in conjunction with other glaucoma medications, such as brimonidine, bimatoprost, latanoprost, travoprost, or dorzolamide. For further details, please refer to the specific pamphlets that are available for each of these therapies.

Before using timolol eye drops.

Certain medical problems preclude the use of some medications, while other times a medication can only be administered with special precautions. For the following reasons, it's crucial that your doctor be aware before you begin taking the drops:

● if you experience breathing difficulties, such as asthma.

● if you suffer from a cardiac disorder.

● If you are nursing a baby or pregnant.

● If you have low blood pressure or Raynaud's syndrome.

● If you are receiving treatment for diabetes or thyroid issues.

● If you have dry eye disease or are aware that your cornea, the clear covering on the front of your eye, has a problem.

● If you take any more medications. This includes over-the-counter medications, herbal remedies, and complementary therapies that may be purchased without a prescription.

● If you are allergic to anything. If you have experienced a negative response to any eye drops, it is crucial that you let your doctor know right away.

How to use timolol eye drops

Read the written information booklet from the eye drops' package before you begin using them. It will supply you with further details about the eye drops and a comprehensive list of any negative effects that you can encounter as a result of taking them.

Put one drop into the afflicted eye or eyeballs. Some timolol eye drops should be used twice daily, while others should only be applied once. Your doctor will advise you as to which is best for you, and this advice will also be placed on the pack's label to serve as a reminder. Do not miss any doses and keep using the drops at regular intervals.

Do not "double up" to make up for any missed doses if you do fail to use the drops; instead, administer them as soon as you recall.

1. Ideally wash your hands before applying the drops. Squeeze the bottle.

2. Take off the cap (or flip off the tip of the unit if you are using a single-dose unit).

3. Pull your lower eyelid out to create a pocket by tilting your head back a bit.

4. Hold the single-dose container or bottle upside-down next to your eye. As you do this, try to avoid touching your eye.

5. One drop will be released into your eye with a little press. Use a second drop only if the first one missed your eye.

6. For a few seconds, close your eye, then gently push on the side of your nose where your eye's corner meets your nose. This aids in keeping the drop in your eye and preventing it from draining out.

7. If you were instructed to apply the drops to both eyes, repeat the procedure in the other eye. One single-dose container contains enough medication for both eyes.

8. Change the cap (or if you are using a single-dose unit, throw it away).

Getting the most from your treatment

● Be careful not to contact the dropper's tip with your fingers, eyes, or any other object. By doing this, the droplets won't become polluted.

● If you're using additional eye drops, wait 5–10 minutes between applications. This will stop your eye from absorbing more moisture than it can manage. Otherwise, the drops will spill out of your eye and have the opposite effect from what was intended.

● Eye drops may initially cause your eyes to moisten and occasionally result in impaired vision. If this occurs, it ought to go right away. Before driving or operating any equipment or machinery, be sure you can see well once again.

● If you are taking eye drops from a bottle, you should not use soft contact lenses until your doctor has given you the all-clear. This is because some soft contact lenses may be affected by a preservative included in eye drop bottles. As single-dose drops don't include a preservative, you can wear soft contact lenses while using them (but remember to take out your lenses to apply the drops and wait for at least 15 minutes before putting lenses back in).

● Keep all of your scheduled appointments with the eye clinic and doctor so that your progress may be monitored.

● Remind the person doing the procedure that you are using timolol eye drops if you are having surgery or any type of dental work. This is because several medications used during surgery may be interfered with by the drops.

Can timolol eye drops cause problems?

Eye drops can have undesirable side effects in addition to their beneficial advantages, albeit not everyone experiences them. The most typical ones connected to timolol are included in the table below. The manufacturer's information booklet that came with your drops has a complete list. The side effects frequently go away as your body gets used to the new medication, but if any of the following persist or become bothersome, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. Important: if you experience the following, contact your doctor for advice straightaway:

● Any difficulties breathing, such as wheezing or shortness of breath.

● An allergic-type reaction, such as any swelling around your face.

Speak with your doctor or pharmacist if you have any other symptoms that you believe may be related to the eye drops for further information.

How to store timolol eye drops

● Keep all medicines out of the reach and sight of children.

● Store in a cool, dry place, away from direct heat and light.

● Always check the expiry information on the container. Eye drops in bottles only keep for four weeks once the bottle has been opened, so do not use the drops if the bottle has been open for longer than this. This will help to prevent the risk of eye infections.

● Single-dose containers should be used as soon as they are opened. Never keep or reuse unsealed units for further dosages. This is due to the fact that single-dose units are preservative-free.

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